The tech industry offers a wide variety of career opportunities for today’s generation. With this, more people are showing interest in learning a programming language or two to enter the industry. But in the midst of a multitude of languages and technologies, it can be hard to narrow down which ones to learn.
In no particular order, here’s a list of the most in-demand programming languages which can be a great starting point for aspiring developers:
First released in 1991, Python is a high-level, general-purpose and object-oriented programming language. Although it was first seen as a beginner’s programming language due to its simple, easy-to-use and readable code, Python has become highly in-demand today. The results from Stack Overflow’s 2019 developer survey found Python to be the programming language that people wanted to learn the most.
Aside from these features, the extensive language also offers:
- A cross-platform able to run in many different sites
- A free and open-source code
- Other programming languages such as C/C++ which are easily compiled and extended to Python code
- A large standard library
- GUI’s (Graphical User Interface)
- The ability to integrate with languages such as C, C++, Java, etc.
Through the years, Python has evolved into one of the most in-demand programming languages today. It is popularly used in the development of data science technologies like AI and machine learning.
Commonly used for databases, developing Android apps, and desktop applications, Java follows an object-oriented programming model (OOP). Its OOP methodology follows a simplified set of rules to easily maintain its performance.
One of the reasons why Java is such a popular language in the tech industry is due to its simplicity. Java’s syntax is clean, straight to the point, and easy to get the hang of.
Here are some of Java’s other key features:
- Platform-independent: Doesn’t need to be compiled into a platform-specific machine
- Secure: Enables developers to develop virus-free and tamper-free systems
- Architecture-neutral: Enables the compiled code to be executed on many processors
Java can create complete applications that can run in a single computer or that can be distributed to multiple client servers within a network. According to CodingDojo, there are over 65,986 job openings for Java developers listed on Indeed as of January 2019. Due to the high demand for tech talents proficient in the language, Java has become one of the top languages in this list.
This client-side language, which is used mainly for building websites and interactive plugins, has earned its spot as one of the top programming languages to learn for any aspiring computer programmers today.
- High-speed: Able to run very fast within the client-side browser
- Interoperability: Can be used in any web page regardless of its file extension
- Rich interfaces: Offers drag and drop components or sliders that give a rich interface within a website
If you plan on creating an interactive web page with a customisable platform, Hypertext Preprocessor, popularly known as PHP, is one of the best programming languages out in the market today.
Even known tech companies such as Facebook, Wikipedia, and Yahoo have used PHP to build their site. W3Tech states that PHP is used in 78.9% of all websites.
PHP’s has the ability to accept platform diversity. To put it simply, a PHP code can successfully run on major platforms, enabling developers to integrate onto multiple platforms effortlessly. As one of the most well-known scripting languages, here are some of its key features:
- Open Source: Offers a free-to-use and platform
- Fast: Faster processes compared to other scripting languages
- Platform Independent: Able to run on every platform
PHP enables you to create code into fully-realised working websites or applications without any limitations.
The C++ programming language offers an extensive range of technology development capabilities like applications and browsers. As such, its features have made it one of the most in-demand programming languages this 2019. According to CodingDojo in 2018, C++ grew in popularity by 16.22% compared to the previous year with almost 37,000 job postings.
The language’s simple and easy-to-use object-oriented programming language has been effectively used in several famous web applications such as Google Chromium browser and web browsers like Mozilla Firefox and Thunderbird, along with operating systems like Apple’s OS X and Microsoft.
To better understand what C++ has to offer, here are some of its main features:
- Simplicity: The language is clean, simple and easy-to-use
- Platform Dependency: The compiled C++ code can only run in its targetted environment
- Portability: It doesn’t need to be compiled into a platform-specific machine
With so many internationally-known applications, browsers, and operating systems, C++ is a robust programming language that can help you build innovative technologies.
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